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hellog〜英語史ブログ / 2023-08-07

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2023-08-07 Mon

#5215. 句動詞から品詞転換した(ようにみえる)名詞・形容詞の一覧 [dictionary][lexicography][phrasal_verb][conversion][punctuation][hyphen][gerund][voicy][heldio]

 「#5213. 句動詞の品詞転換と ODPV」 ([2023-08-05-1]),「#5214. 句動詞の品詞転換と ODPV (2)」 ([2023-08-06-1]) を受けて,Oxford Dictionary of Phrasal Verbs (= ODPV) の巻末 (514--17) に挙げられている表記の語の一覧を再現する.数えてみると372件あった.ただし,これも氷山の一角なのだろうと思う.
 関連して今朝の Voicy 「英語の語源が身につくラジオ (heldio)」で,この話題と間接的に関わる「#798. outbreak か breakout か --- 動詞と不変化詞の位置をめぐる問題」を配信したので,お聴きいただければ.



 以下の一覧に挙がっているほぼすべての語が「動詞+不変化詞」の語形成となっているが,upliftupturn のみが「不変化詞+動詞」となっている.この2語は各々 a1845, 1868 が初出となっており,歴史的にいえば「不変化詞+動詞」の語形成として遅めの造語ということになる.



back-up
balls-up
bawling-out
beating-up
blackout/black-out
blast-off
blowout
blowout (main entry)
blowing-up
blow-up
botch-up
(a) breakaway (group)
(a) break-away (state)
break-back
breakdown
break-in
break-out
breakthrough
break-up
brew-up
brush(-)down
brush-off
build-up
bust-up
bust-up (main entry)
call(ing)-up
carry-on
carryings-on
carve-up
castaway
cast-off
cave-in
change-down
change-over
change-up
check-in
check-out
check-over
check-through
check-up
clamp-down
clawback
clean-out
clean-up
clear-up
climb-down
clip-on (ear-rings)
clock-in (time)
clock-off (time)
clock-on (time)
clock-out (time)
close-down
cock-up
come-back
come-back (main entry)
come-down (main entry)
come-hither (look) (main entry)
come-on
cop-out
count-down
cover-up
crack-down
crack-up
crossing(s)-out
cut-away
cut-back
cut-off
cut-out
die-back
dig-in
doss-down
downpour
drawback (main entry)
dressing-down
drive-in (main entry)
drop-out
drying-up
fade-out
falling-off
fall-out (main entry)
feedback
fight-back
fill-up
fit-up
flare-up
flashback (main entry)
flick(-)through
flip(-)through
flyover (main entry)
flypast
follow-on
follow-through
follow-up
foul-up
frame-up
freak-out
freeze-off
freeze-up
freshen-up
fuck-up
gadabout
getaway (main entry)
get-together
get-up
give-away
glance-over/through
(the) go-ahead (to do sth)
(a) go-ahead (organization)
go-between (main entry)
go-by (main entry)
goings-on (main entry)
going-over (main entry)
hand-me-down(s)
hand-off
hand-out
hand-over
hang-out
hangover/hung over (main entry)
hang-up/hung up (main entry)
hideaway
hold-up, holdup
hook-up/hooked up (main entry)
hose down
hush-up
jump-off
kick-back
kick-off
kip-down
knockabout (main entry)
knock-down, knockdown (price)
knock-down, knockdown (furniture)
knock-on
knock-on effect (main entry)
knock-out
knock-up
lace-up(s)
layabout (main entry)
laybay (main entry)
lay-off
lay-out
lead-in
lead-off
leaf-through
leaseback
left-over(s)
let-down
let-out
let-up
lie-down
lie-in
lift-off
lift-up
limber-up
line-out (main entry)
line-up
listen-in
(a) live-in (maid)
(a) living-out (allowance)
lock-out
lock-up (main entry)
(a) look about/around/round
look-in (main entry)
looker(s)-on
look-out
(be sb's) look-out (main entry)
look-over
(a) look round
look-through
make-up
makeshift(s)
march-past
mark-down
mark-up
marry-up
meltdown (main entry)
mess-up
mix-up
mock-up (main entry)
(a) mop-up (operation)
muck-up
(a) nose(-)about/around/round
offprint
onlooker(s)
outbreak
outcast
outlay
output
overspill
passer(s)-by
paste-up
pay-off, payoff
peel-off
phone-in
pick-me-up
pick-up
pick-up (truck) (main entry)
pile-up
pile-up (main entry)
pin-up (main entry)
play-back
play-off
(a) poke(-)about/around
(a) pop-up (book)
(a) potter(-)about/around
print-off
print-out
pull-in
(a) pull-out (section)
pull-up
punch-up
push-off
pushover (main entry)
put-down
(a) put-down (point)
(a) put-up (bed)
quickening-up
(a) rake(-)about/around/round
rake-off
rake(-)round
rave-up
read-through
read-through (main entry)
riffle(-)through
rig-out
rinse-out
rip-off
roll-on/roll-off (main entry)
roll-up (main entry)
round-up
rub-down
rub-up
runabout (main entry)
run-around (main entry)
runaway (children)
runaway (main entry)
(a) runaway (marriage)
(a) runaway (victory)
run-down
run-down (main entry)
run-in (with) (main entry)
run-off
run-through
run-up
(a) scout-about/around
(a) see-through (blouse etc)
seize-up
sell-off
sell-out
sell-out/sold-out (main entry)
send-off (main entry)
send-up
setback
set-to
set-up
setback
set-to
set-up
set-up (main entry)
shake-down
shake-out
shake-up
share-out
shoot-out
(a) shop around
show-down (main entry)
show-off
shut-down
sit-down
sit-down (demonstration/strike) (main entry)
sit-in
skim-through
sleep-in
(a) sleep-in (nanny)
slip-up
smash-up
snarl-up
snoop(-)about/around/round
speed-up
spin-off (main entry)
splash-down
(a) spring-back (binder)
stack-up
stake-out
standby
stand-in
stand-off (main entry)
stand-to
stand-up comedian/comic (main entry)
start-up (capital)
step-up
(a) stick-on (label)
stick-up
stitch-up
stop-over
stowaway
strip-down
summing-up
sun-up
swab(-)out
sweep-out
sweep-up
swill-out
swing-round
switch-over
tailback
take-away
take-home (pay)
take-off
take-out
take-up
talk-in (main entry)
talk-through
teach-in (main entry)
tearaway (main entry)
tee off (main entry)
telling(s)-off
(a) through-away (can)
(a) throw-away (remark)
throw-back
throw-back (main entry)
throw-in
throw-out
(a) thumb(-)through
ticking(s)-off
tick-over
tidy-up
tie-up/tied up (main entry)
tip-off
(a) tip-up (seat)
top-up
toss-up
touch-down
trade-in
trade-off
try-on
try-out
turnabout
turn-around
turndown
turn-off
turn-on
turn-out
turn-over
turn-over (main entry)
turn-round
turn-up(s) (main entry)
turn-up for the books (main entry)
upturn
uplift
(a) wake-up (call)
walkabout (main entry)
walk on (main entry)
(a) walk-on (part)
walk-out
walk-over
walk-through
warm-up
wash-down
wash-out
wash-out (main entry)
watch-out
weigh-in
whip-round (main entry)
wind-up
wipe-down
wipe-over
work-in (main entry)
work-out (main entry)
write-in (main entry)
write-off
write-up
(a) zip-up (jacket)




 ・ Cowie, A. P. and R Mackin, comps. Oxford Dictionary of Phrasal Verbs. Oxford: OUP, 1993.

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