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hellog〜英語史ブログ / 2009-12-27

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2009-12-27 Sun

#244. 綴字の英米差のリスト [ame_bre][spelling]

 [2009-12-23-1]で綴字の英米差に触れたが,今回はもっと豊富に例を挙げ,後に再利用が可能となるようにリストの形でまとめておきたい.以下の対照表は,Davies (84--90) が The Shorter Oxford English DictionaryThe American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language のそれぞれから,英米での典型的な綴りをえり抜いたものである.語尾に+マークのあるものは,他方の綴字も比較的低い頻度ではあるが用いられうることを示す.

USUK
abridgmentabridgement
accoutermentaccoutrement
acknowledgmentacknowledgement
adapter +adaptor
agingageing
aluminumaluminium
amebaamoeba +
analyzeanalyse
anestheticanaesthetic
apologize +apologise
appallappal
appetizer +appetiser
arborarbour
ardorardour
armorarmour
armorerarmourer
armoryarmoury
artifactartefact
authorize +authorise
behaviorbehaviour
behoovebehove
calipercalliper
calisthenicscallisthenics
canceledcancelled +
candorcandour
capitalize +capitalise
catalogcatalogue
centercentre
chamomilecamomile
check (bank)cheque
checkerboardchequer-board
chilichilli
civilization +civilisation
civilize +civilise
clamorclamour
clangorclangour
clarinetistclarinettist
colorcolour
counselorcounsellor
cozycosy
curb (on a street)kerb
czartsar
defensedefence
demeanordemeanour
dependent (noun)dependant
dialingdialling
diarrheadiarrhoea
diskdisc
distilldistil
dolordolour
draftdraught
economize +economise
enamorenamour
endeavorendeavour
enrollenrol
enthrallenthral
equalize +equalise
favorfavour
favoritefavourite
favoritismfavouritism
fervorfervour
fiberfibre
flavorflavour
fulfillfulfil
furorfurore
gagegauge +
gemologygemmology
graygrey +
harborharbour
harmonize +harmonise
honorhonour
honorablehonourable
humorhumour
initialize +initialise
inquiry +enquiry
installmentinstalment
instillinstil
jailjail/gaol
jewelerjeweller
jewelryjewellery
judgmentjudgement
laborlabour
licenselicence
literlitre
maneuvermanoeuvre
marvelousmarvellous
memorize +memorise
misdemeanormisdemeanour
mobilize +mobilise
moldmould
moldingmoulding
mommum
mustachemoustache
naughtnought
neighborneighbour
neighborhoodneighbourhood
normalize +normalise
odorodour
organize +organise
pajamaspyjamas
paralyzeparalyse
parlorparlour
pasteurize +pasteurise
peddler +pedlar
percentper cent
persnicketypernickety
plowplough
polarize +polarise +
practice (verb)practise
pretensepretence
programprogramme
pulverize +pulverise
rancorrancour
realize +realise
recognize +recognise
rigorrigour
rumorrumour
savorsavour
savorysavoury
skepticsceptic
skillfulskilful
specterspectre
spilledspilt
splendorsplendour
story (of a building)storey
succorsuccour
sulfursulphur
symbolize +symbolise
sympathize +sympathise
theatertheatre +
tiretyre
travelertraveller
tumortumour
utilize +utilise
valorvalour
vaporvapour
vaporize +vaporise
vigorvigour
vise (tool)vice
willfulwilful
worshiperworshipper


 ・Davies, Christopher. Divided by a Common Language: A Guide to British and American English. Mayflower, 1997. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2007.

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