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2014-06-10 Tue

#1870. 「創世記」2:18--25 を7ヴァージョンで読み比べ [bible][hel_education][basic_english]

 「#1803. Lord's Prayer」 ([2014-04-04-1]) に引き続き,時代別ヴァージョンで聖書の節を読み比べてみる.寺澤盾先生の『聖書でたどる英語の歴史』の第6章で「創世記」2:18--25 の箇所が,新共同訳,NRSV, KJ, Wycl, OEH の5ヴァージョン間で比較されている.これを基にして,2つの現代版聖書を追加し,全体として7ヴァージョンでの比較が可能となるように,パラレル・テキストを造ってみた.追加した2ヴァージョンは,平易な米口語訳で知られる Good News Translation (BibleGateway.com より)と,基礎語彙のみを用いた Basic English 版(The Holy Bible --- Bible in Basic English より)である.聖書の各版については,「#1709. 主要英訳聖書年表」 ([2013-12-31-1]) を参照されたい.

Gen. 2:18

新共同訳主なる神は言われた。「人が独りでいるのは良くない。彼に合う助ける者を造ろう。」
NRSVThen the LORD God said, "It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him a helper as his partner."
Good News BibleThen the Lord God said, "It is not good for the man to live alone. I will make a suitable companion to help him."
Basic EnglishAnd the Lord God said, It is not good for the man to be by himself: I will make one like himself as a help to him
KJAnd the LORD God said, "It is not good that the man should be alone: I will make him an helpe meet for him."
WyclAnd the Lord God seide, "It is not good that a man be aloone, make we to hym an help lijk to hym silf."
OEHGod cwæð ēac swylce, "Nis nā gōd ðisum men āna tō wunigenne; uton wyrcean him sumne fultum tō his gelīcnysse."

Gen. 2:19

新共同訳主なる神は,野のあらゆる獣,空のあらゆる鳥を土で形づくり,人のところへ持って来て,人がそれぞれをどう呼ぶか見ておられた。人が呼ぶと,それはすべて,生き物の名となった。
NRSVSo out of the ground the LORD God formed every animal of the field and every bird of the air, and brought them to the man to see what he would call them; and whatever the man called every living creature, that was its name.
Good News BibleSo he took some soil from the ground and formed all the animals and all the birds. Then he brought them to the man to see what he would name them; and that is how they all got their names.
Basic EnglishAnd from the earth the Lord God made every beast of the field and every bird of the air, and took them to the man to see what names he would give them: and whatever name he gave to any living thing, that was its name.
KJAnd out of ye ground the LORD God formed euery beast of the field, and euery foule of the aire; and brought them vnto Adam, to see what he would call them: and whatsoeuer Adam called euery liuing creature, that was the name thereof.
WyclTherfor whanne alle lyuynge beestis of erthe, and alle the volatils of heuene weren formed of erthe, the Lord God brouȝte tho to Adam, that he schulde se what he schulde clepe tho; for al thing that Adam clepide of lyuynge soule, thilke is the name therof.
OEHGod sōðlīce gelǣdde ðā nȳtenu, ðe hē of eorðan gescēop, and ðǣre lyfte fugelas tō Adame, ðæt hē forescēawode hū hē hī gecȳgde. Sōðlīce ǣlc libbende nȳten, swā swā Adam hit gecȳgde, swā is his nama.

Gen. 2:20

新共同訳人はあらゆる家畜,空の鳥,野のあらゆる獣に名を付けたが,自分に合う助ける者は見つけることができなかった。
NRSVThe man gave names to all cattle, and to the birds of the air, and to every animal of the field; but for the man there was not found a helper as his partner.
Good News BibleSo the man named all the birds and all the animals; but not one of them was a suitable companion to help him.
Basic EnglishAnd the man gave names to all cattle and to the birds of the air and to every beast of the field; but Adam had no one like himself as a help.
KJAnd Adam gaue names to all cattell, and to the foule of the aire, and to euery beast of the fielde: but for Adam there was not found an helpe meete for him.
WyclAnd Adam clepide bi her names alle lyuynge thingis, and alle volatils, and alle vnresonable beestis of erthe. Forsothe to Adam was not foundun an helpere lijk hym.
OEHAnd Adam ðā genamode ealle nȳtenu heora naman, and ealle fugelas and ealle wildēor. Adam sōðlīce ne gemētte ðā gȳt nānne fultum his gelīcan.

Gen. 2:21

新共同訳主なる神はそこで,人を深い眠りに落とされた。人が眠り込むと,あばら骨の一部を抜き取り,その跡を肉でふさがれた。
NRSVSo the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and he slept; then he took one of his ribs and closed up its place with flesh.
Good News BibleThen the Lord God made the man fall into a deep sleep, and while he was sleeping, he took out one of the man's ribs and closed up the flesh.
Basic EnglishAnd the Lord God sent a deep sleep on the man, and took one of the bones from his side while he was sleeping, joining up the flesh again in its place:
KJAnd the LORD God caused a deepe sleepe to fall vpon Adam, and hee slept; and he tooke one of his ribs, and closed vp the flesh in stead thereof.
WyclTherfore the Lord God sente sleep in to Adam, and whanne he slepte, God took oon of hise ribbis, and fillide fleisch for it.
OEHÐā sende God slǣp on Adam, and ðā ðā hē slēp, ðā genam hē ān rib of his sīdan, and gefylde mid flǣsce ðǣr ðæt rib wæs.

Gen. 2:22

新共同訳そして,人から抜き取ったあばら骨で女を造り上げられた。主なる神が彼女を人のところを連れて来られると,
NRSVAnd the rib that the LORD God had taken from the man he made into a woman and brought her to the man.
Good News BibleHe formed a woman out of the rib and brought her to him.
Basic EnglishAnd the bone which the Lord God had taken from the man he made into a woman, and took her to the man.
KJAnd the rib which the LORD God had taken from man, made hee a woman, & brought her vnto the man.
WyclAnd the Lord God bildide the rib which he hadde take fro Adam in to a womman, and brouȝte hir to Adam.
OEHAnd geworhte ðæt rib, ðe hē genam of Adame, tō ānum wīfmen and gelǣdde hī tō Adame.

Gen. 2:23

新共同訳人は言った。「ついに,これこそわたしの骨の骨,わたしの肉の肉。これをこそ,女(イシャー)と呼ぼう,まさに,男(イシュ)から取られたものだから。」
NRSVThen the man said, "This at last is bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; this one shall be called Woman, for out of Man this one was taken."
Good News BibleThen the man said, "At last, here is one of my own kind---Bone taken from my bone, and flesh from my flesh. 'Woman' is her name because she was taken out of man."
Basic EnglishAnd the man said, This is now bone of my bone and flesh of my flesh: let her name be Woman because she was taken out of Man.
KJAnd Adam said, "This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shalbe called woman, because shee was taken out of man."
WyclAnd Adam seide, "This is now a boon of my boonys, and fleisch of my fleisch; this schal be clepid virago, for she is takun of man."
OEHAdam ðā cwæð, "Ðis is nū bān of mīnum bānum and flǣsc of mīnum flǣsce; bēo hēo gecīged fǣmne, for ðan ðe hēo is of hyre were genumen."

Gen. 2:24

新共同訳こういうわけで,男は父母を離れて女と結ばれ,二人は一体となる。
NRSVTherefore a man leaves his father and his mother and clings to his wife, and they become one flesh.
Good News BibleThat is why a man leaves his father and mother and is united with his wife, and they become one.
Basic EnglishFor this cause will a man go away from his father and his mother and be joined to his wife; and they will be one flesh.
KJTherefore shall a man leaue his father and his mother, and shall cleaue vnto his wife: and they shalbe one flesh.
WyclWherfor a man schal forsake fadir and modir, and schal cleue to his wijf, and thei schulen be tweyne in o fleisch.
OEHFor ðan forlǣt se man fæder and mōdor, and geðēot hine tō his wīfe, and hī bēoð būta on ānum flǣsce.

Gen. 2:25

新共同訳人と妻は二人とも裸であったが,恥ずかしがりはしなかった。
NRSVAnd the man and his wife were both naked, and were not ashamed.
Good News BibleThe man and the woman were both naked, but they were not embarrassed.
Basic EnglishAnd the man and his wife were without clothing, and they had no sense of shame.
KJAnd they were both naked, the man & his wife, and were not ashamed.
WyclForsothe euer eithir was nakid, that is, Adam and his wijf, and thei weren not aschamed.
OEHHī wǣron ðā būta, Adam and his wīf, nacode and him ðæs ne sceamode.


 ・ 寺澤 盾 『聖書でたどる英語の歴史』 大修館書店,2013年.

Referrer (Inside): [2017-05-04-1] [2017-03-31-1]

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