148 件 見つかりました。

CHALOW Search hellog〜英語史ブログ



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[2022-12-15-1] #4980. 『中高生の基礎英語 in English』の連載第22回「なぜヨーロッパの人は英語が上手なの?」[notice][sobokunagimon][rensai][indo-european][comparative_linguistics][reconstruction][germanic][italic][french][latin][german][dutch][spanish][italian][heldio]
[2022-11-24-1] #4959. bright の音位転換[metathesis][personal_name][indo-european][germanic][etymology]
[2022-06-25-1] #4807. -ed により過去形を作る規則動詞の出現は革命的だった![youtube][notice][sobokunagimon][germanic][indo-european][verb][inflection]
[2022-05-09-1] #4760. 過去分詞と現在分詞の由来は大きく異なる[infinitive][germanic][morphology][inflection][verb][oe][germanic][indo-european][etymology][suffix]
[2021-12-04-1] #4604. 伝統的な英語史記述の2つの前提 --- ゲルマン系由来と標準英語重視[historiography][indo-european][linguistic_ideology][language_myth]
[2021-07-11-1] #4458. 固定的な強勢アクセント --- ゲルマン語の最大の特徴[stress][germanic][indo-european]
[2021-06-12-1] #4429. 序数詞 third の d と fourth の th の関係[indo-european][germanic][numeral][grimms_law][verners_law][suffix][metathesis]
[2021-05-08-1] #4394. 「疑いの2」の英語史[khelf_hel_intro_2021][etymology][comparative_linguistics][indo-european][oe][lexicology][loan_word][germanic][italic][latin][french][edd][grimms_law][etymological_respelling][lexicology][semantic_field]
[2021-04-24-1] #4380. 英語のルーツはラテン語でもドイツ語でもない[indo-european][language_family][language_myth][latin][german][germanic][comparative_linguistics][khelf_hel_intro_2021]
[2021-03-20-1] #4345. 古英語期までの現在分詞語尾の発達[oe][germanic][indo-european][etymology][suffix][participle][i-mutaton][grimms_law][verners_law][verb][sound_change]
[2021-02-21-1] #4318 主格ではなく対格がデフォルト?[case][indo-european]
[2020-11-22-1] #4227. なぜ否定を表わす語には n- で始まるものが多いのですか? --- hellog ラジオ版[hellog-radio][sobokunagimon][indo-european][etymology][negative][prefix][clitic]
[2020-11-06-1] #4211. 印欧語は「出来事を描写する言語」から「行為者を確定する言語」へ[indo-european][person][verb][voice][impersonal_verb][middle_voice][passive][fetishism]
[2020-11-05-1] #4210. 人称の出現は3人称に始まり,後に1,2人称へと展開した?[person][verb][voice][impersonal_verb][middle_voice][indo-european][category][latin][terminology]
[2020-11-02-1] #4207. 「先に名詞ありき,遅れて動詞が生じた」説[indo-european][verb][voice][impersonal_verb][syntax][sobokunagimon][middle_voice]
[2020-08-29-1] #4142. guest と host は,なんと同語源 --- hellog ラジオ版[hellog-radio][sobokunagimon][hel_education][grimms_law][indo-european][palatalisation][old_norse][loan_word][semantic_change][doublet][antonym][french][latin][old_norse]
[2020-06-02-1] #4054. 与作は木を切る hew, hay, hoe?♪[etymology][youtube][germanic][indo-european][cognate]
[2020-04-28-1] #4019. ぜひ英語史学習・教育のために hellog の活用を![hel_education][link][hellog_entry_set]
[2020-04-13-1] #4004. 古英語の3人称代名詞の語頭の h[h][oe][personal_pronoun][indo-european][germanic][etymology][paradigm][number][gender]
[2020-04-12-1] #4003. ゲルマン語派の形容詞の強変化と弱変化 (2)[adjective][inflection][oe][germanic][indo-european][comparative_linguistics][grammaticalisation][paradigm]
[2020-04-03-1] #3994. 古英語の与格形の起源[oe][dative][germanic][indo-european][case][syncretism][instrumental][suppletion][exaptation]
[2020-03-25-1] #3985. 言語学でいう法 (mood) とは何ですか? (3)[mood][verb][terminology][inflection][conjugation][subjunctive][morphology][category][indo-european][sobokunagimon][latin]
[2020-03-24-1] #3984. 言語学でいう法 (mood) とは何ですか? (2)[mood][verb][terminology][inflection][conjugation][subjunctive][morphology][category][indo-european][sobokunagimon][etymology]
[2020-03-23-1] #3983. 言語学でいう法 (mood) とは何ですか? (1)[mood][verb][terminology][inflection][conjugation][subjunctive][morphology][category][indo-european][sobokunagimon]
[2020-02-11-1] #3942. 印欧祖語からゲルマン祖語への主要な母音変化[vowel][indo-european][germanic][sound_change][centralisation]
[2020-01-29-1] #3929. なぜギリシアとローマは続け書きを採用したか? (1)[alphabet][distinctiones][punctuation][reading][writing][latin][greek][indo-european][word]
[2020-01-19-1] #3919. Chibanian (チバニアン,千葉時代)の接尾辞 -ian (2)[suffix][word_formation][adjective][participle][indo-european][etymology]
[2019-10-28-1] #3836. フランス語史の年表[timeline][hfl][french][anthropology][indo-european][hfl]
[2019-07-29-1] #3745. 頭子音 s が出没する印欧語根[indo-european][reconstruction][consonant][terminology][syllable]
[2019-07-22-1] #3738. 印欧祖語の5つの階梯 --- *sed- の場合[indo-european][reconstruction][gradation][vowel][terminology]
[2019-07-21-1] #3737. 「今日の不規則は昨日の規則」 --- 歴史形態論の原則[morphology][language_change][reconstruction][comparative_linguistics][indo-european][sobokunagimon][3ps][plural][conjugation]
[2019-07-20-1] #3736. Yamna culture --- 印欧祖語の担い手の有力候補[indo-european][map]
[2019-07-19-1] #3735. 印欧語族諸族の大移動[indo-european][map][archaeology][comparative_linguistics]
[2019-07-15-1] #3731. 講座「英語の歴史と語源」の第1回「インドヨーロッパ祖語の故郷」を終えました[asacul][notice][slide][indo-european][link]
[2019-06-25-1] #3711. 印欧祖語とゲルマン祖語にさかのぼる基本英単語のサンプル[indo-european][germanic][lexicology][etymology]
[2019-06-24-1] #3710. 印欧祖語の帯気有声閉鎖音はラテン語ではおよそ f となる[indo-european][latin][sound_change][consonant][grimms_law][labiovelar][italic][greek][phonetics]
[2019-06-11-1] #3697. 印欧語根 *spek- に由来する英単語を探る[etymology][indo-european][latin][greek][metathesis][word_family][lexicology]
[2019-03-05-1] #3599. 言語と人種 (2)[comparative_linguistics][indo-european][family_tree][biology][race][language_myth]
[2019-02-26-1] #3592. 文化の拡散を巡る migrationism と diffusionism[history][archaeology][comparative_linguistics][terminology][contact][indo-european]
[2019-01-03-1] #3538. 英語の subjunctive 形態は印欧祖語の optative 形態から[subjunctive][indo-european][optative][mood][terminology]
[2018-10-26-1] #3469. cosmos, cosmopolitan, cosmetics[etymology][greek][indo-european][ormulum]
[2018-10-20-1] #3463. 人称とは何か?[person][cateogry][indo-european][agreement][sobokunagimon][fetishism]
[2018-08-28-1] #3410. 英語における「合拗音」[labiovelar][pronunciation][phonetics][consonant][japanese][indo-european][comparative_linguistics][norman_french]
[2018-08-02-1] #3384. 現代世界の代表者としての印欧語族[indo-european][demography][language_family]
[2018-07-09-1] #3360. 印欧祖語は語根ベース,ゲルマン祖語は語幹ベース,古英語以降は語ベース (3)[gradation][i-mutation][indo-european][oe][morphology][vowel][word_formation]
[2018-07-08-1] #3359. 印欧祖語は語根ベース,ゲルマン祖語は語幹ベース,古英語以降は語ベース (2)[synthesis_to_analysis][indo-european][germanic][oe][morphology][typology]
[2018-07-07-1] #3358. 印欧祖語は語根ベース,ゲルマン祖語は語幹ベース,古英語以降は語ベース (1)[synthesis_to_analysis][indo-european][germanic][oe][morphology][typology]
[2018-06-20-1] #3341. ラテン・フランス借用語は英語の強勢パターンを印欧祖語風へ逆戻りさせた[rsr][gsr][stress][germanic][indo-european][gradation][vowel][morphology]
[2018-06-19-1] #3340. ゲルマン語における動詞の強弱変化と語頭アクセントの相互関係[germanic][indo-european][stress][gradation][exaptation][aspect][tense][suffix][contact][stress][preterite][verb][conjugation][grammaticalisation][participle]
[2018-06-14-1] #3335. 強変化動詞の過去分詞語尾の -n[participle][oe][inflection][reconstruction][indo-european][germanic][suffix][gradation][verb][verners_law]
[2018-06-12-1] #3333. なぜ doubt の綴字には発音しない b があるのか?[indo-european][etymological_respelling][latin][french][renaissance][spelling_pronunciation_gap][silent_letter][sobokunagimon]
[2018-06-10-1] #3331. 印欧祖語からゲルマン祖語への動詞の文法範疇の再編成[indo-european][germanic][category][voice][mood][tense][aspect][number][person][exaptation][sanskrit][gothic]
[2018-06-06-1] #3327. 言語変化において話者は近視眼的である[language_change][teleology][invisible_hand][glottochronology][drift][indo-european][inflection]
[2018-01-14-1] #3184. イラン語派の系統図[family_tree][indo-european_sub-family][indo-european][iranian][sogdian]
[2017-11-26-1] #3135. -ed の起源[suffix][preterite][participle][germanic][indo-european][verb][inflection][etymology][reduplication][gothic][grammaticalisation][preterite-present_verb][degemination][sobokunagimon]
[2017-11-18-1] #3127. 印欧祖語から現代英語への基本語順の推移[word_order][syntax][typology][indo-european][germanic]
[2017-11-17-1] #3126. 人名語順の類型論[word_order][syntax][typology][onomastics][personal_name][patronymy][indo-european]
[2017-11-15-1] #3124. 基本語順の類型論 (1)[word_order][syntax][typology][indo-european][world_languages]
[2017-08-22-1] #3039. 連載第8回「なぜ「グリムの法則」が英語史上重要なのか」[grimms_law][consonant][loan_word][sound_change][phonetics][french][latin][indo-european][etymology][cognate][germanic][romance][verners_law][sgcs][link][rensai]
[2017-05-14-1] #2939. 5譛茨シ勲ay?シ檎嚼譛?[calendar][etymology][indo-european][japanese][month]
[2017-03-13-1] #2877. 紀元前3000年以降の寒冷化と民族移動 (2)[indo-european][anthropology][origin_of_japanese][diachrony]
[2017-03-09-1] #2873. 生物進化に関する誤解と,その解消法の言語への応用[evolution][language_myth][family_tree][indo-european]
[2017-02-20-1] #2856. 世界の諸言語における冠詞の分布 (2)[article][typology][indo-european][linguistic_area][world_languages][grammaticalisation][information_structure][demonstrative][contact][geolinguistics]
[2017-02-19-1] #2855. 世界の諸言語における冠詞の分布 (1)[article][typology][indo-european][linguistic_area][world_languages][word_order]
[2017-02-18-1] #2854. 紀元前3000年以降の寒冷化と民族移動[indo-european][anthropology]
[2017-02-08-1] #2844. 人類の起源と言語の起源の関係 (2)[language_family][world_languages][anthropology][family_tree][evolution][altaic][japanese][indo-european][origin_of_language]
[2017-02-07-1] #2843. Ruhlen による世界の語族[language_family][indo-european][nostratic][eurasian][world_languages][reconstruction][comparative_linguistics]
[2017-01-25-1] #2830. carnage (3)[etymology][indo-european][cognate][word_family]
[2016-06-09-1] #2600. 古英語の be 動詞の屈折[suppletion][be][verb][conjugation][inflection][oe][paradigm][indo-european][etymology]
[2016-02-03-1] #2473. フランス語にみられる20進法の残滓[french][latin][numeral][indo-european][contact][etymology]
[2016-02-01-1] #2471. なぜ言語系統図は逆茂木型なのか[family_tree][indo-european][metaphor][conceptual_metaphor][cognitive_linguistics][historiography]
[2016-01-27-1] #2466. インドヨーロッパ語族の系統図(Algeo and Pyles 版)[indo-european][family_tree]
[2015-08-18-1] #2304. 古英語の hundseofontig (seventy), hundeahtatig (eighty), etc. (2)[numeral][oe][germanic][bibliography][indo-european][comparative_linguistics]
[2015-08-11-1] #2297. 英語 flow とラテン語 fluere[latin][etymology][indo-european][cognate][comparative_linguistics][grimms_law]
[2015-08-10-1] #2296. flute の語源について[etymology][blend][indo-european][cognate]
[2015-07-30-1] #2285. hundred は "great ten"[etymology][indo-european][grimms_law][numeral]
[2015-07-22-1] #2277. 「行く」の意味の repair[etymology][latin][loan_word][homonymy][doublet][indo-european][cognate]
[2015-06-15-1] #2240. thousand は "swelling hundred"[etymology][indo-european][numeral][latin][loan_word]
[2015-05-15-1] #2209. 印欧祖語における動詞の未来屈折[indo-european][tense][reconstruction][comparative_linguistics][future]
[2015-05-14-1] #2208. 英語の動詞に未来形の屈折がないのはなぜか?[verb][conjugation][tense][auxiliary_verb][indo-european][grammaticalisation][category][language_change][causation][future][sobokunagimon]
[2015-01-16-1] #2090. 補充法だらけの人称代名詞体系[personal_pronoun][suppletion][etymology][indo-european][paradigm]
[2014-08-09-1] #1930. 系統と影響を考慮に入れた西インドヨーロッパ語族の関係図[indo-european][family_tree][contact][loan_word][borrowing][geolinguistics][linguistic_area][historiography][french][latin][greek][old_norse]
[2014-08-04-1] #1925. 語派間の関係を示したインドヨーロッパ語族の系統図[indo-european][family_tree]
[2014-06-11-1] #1871. 言語と人種[race][language_myth][indo-european][comparative_linguistics][evolution][origin_of_language][ethnic_group]
[2013-12-30-1] #1708. *wer- の語根ネットワークと weird の語源[etymology][indo-european][literature][shakespeare][word_family]
[2013-10-26-1] #1643. 喉頭音理論[reconstruction][indo-european][laryngeal_theory][etymology][phonetics][saussure][hittite]
[2013-10-23-1] #1640. 英語 name とギリシア語 onoma (2)[reconstruction][indo-european][laryngeal_theory][etymology][phonetics][saussure][hittite]
[2013-10-22-1] #1639. 英語 name とギリシア語 onoma (1)[etymology][indo-european][loan_word][cognate][word_family]
[2013-09-15-1] #1602. star の語根ネットワーク[etymology][indo-european][loan_word][cognate][word_family]
[2013-08-01-1] #1557. mickle, much の語根ネットワーク[etymology][indo-european][suffix][cognate][word_family]
[2013-07-03-1] #1528. 右は善良で,左は邪悪[ancrene_wisse][indo-european]
[2013-05-05-1] #1469. バルト=スラブ語派(印欧語族)[indo-european][family_tree][balto-slavic][slavic][indo-european_sub-family][map]
[2013-05-03-1] #1467. イタリック語派(印欧語族)[indo-european][family_tree][italic][latin][indo-european_sub-family][map]
[2013-04-23-1] #1457. アルバニア語派(印欧語族)[indo-european][family_tree][albanian][map][indo-european_sub-family][contact][borrowing]
[2013-04-20-1] #1454. ギリシャ語派(印欧語族)[indo-european][family_tree][hellenic][greek][map][indo-european_sub-family][diglossia][koine]
[2013-04-18-1] #1452. イラン語派(印欧語族)[indo-european][family_tree][iranian][map][indo-european_sub-family]
[2013-04-13-1] #1447. インド語派(印欧語族)[indo-european][family_tree][indian][sanskrit][indo-european_sub-family][buddhism]
[2012-12-26-1] #1339. インドヨーロッパ語族の系統図(上下反転版)[indo-european][family_tree][historiography]
[2012-11-30-1] #1313. どのくらい古い時代まで言語を遡ることができるか[family_tree][comparative_linguistics][typology][origin_of_language][reconstruction][linguistic_area][indo-european][world_languages]
[2012-10-20-1] #1272. William Jones 以前の語族観 (2)[indo-european][family_tree][comparative_linguistics][history_of_linguistics][jones]
[2012-08-26-1] #1217. wheel と reduplication[etymology][indo-european][reduplication]
[2012-07-06-1] #1166. 副詞派生接尾辞 -ly の発達の謎[adverb][flat_adverb][suffix][indo-european][inflection][drift][-ly]
[2012-07-02-1] #1162. もう1つの比較級接尾辞 -ther[comparison][suffix][etymology][indo-european][rhotacism][double_comparative][comparison]
[2012-06-21-1] #1151. 多くの謎を解き明かす軟口蓋唇音[indo-european][comparative_linguistics][phonetics][etymology][assimilation][labiovelar]
[2012-06-20-1] #1150. centum と satem[indo-european][comparative_linguistics][phonetics][palatalisation]
[2012-06-17-1] #1147. 印欧諸語の音韻対応表[indo-european][phonetics][grimms_law]
[2012-06-16-1] #1146. インドヨーロッパ語族の系統図(Fortson版)[indo-european][family_tree][flash]
[2012-06-05-1] #1135. 印欧祖語の文法性の起源[gender][indo-european][hittite]
[2012-05-30-1] #1129. 印欧祖語の分岐は紀元前5800--7800年?[indo-european][archaeology][glottochronology][family_tree][lexicology]
[2012-05-19-1] #1118. Schleicher の系統樹説[family_tree][wave_theory][indo-european][comparative_linguistics][history_of_linguistics]
[2012-05-18-1] #1117. 印欧祖語の故地は Anatolia か?[indo-european][archaeology][map][pictish]
[2012-05-17-1] #1116. Nostratic を超えて Eurasian へ[language_family][indo-european][nostratic][eurasian][world_languages][map][family_tree][comparative_linguistics]
[2012-05-16-1] #1115. Nostratic 大語族[language_family][indo-european][nostratic][comparative_linguistics][reconstruction][world_languages][map]
[2012-03-05-1] #1043. mind の語根ネットワーク[etymology][indo-european][cognate][word_family]
[2012-01-21-1] #999. 言語変化の波状説[wave_theory][indo-european][family_tree][geography][lexical_diffusion][contact][history_of_linguistics][isogloss]
[2012-01-03-1] #981. 副詞と形容詞の近似[adverb][adjective][indo-european][inflection][flat_adverb]
[2011-09-08-1] #864. 再建された言語の名前の問題[reconstruction][comparative_linguistics][indo-european][family_tree]
[2011-07-13-1] #807. 言語系統図と生物系統図の類似点と相違点[family_tree][indo-european]
[2011-06-14-1] #778. P-Celtic と Q-Celtic[celtic][indo-european][family_tree][phonetics][assimilation]
[2011-06-10-1] #774. ケルト語の分布[celtic][indo-european][family_tree][map]
[2011-05-03-1] #736. 英語の「起源」は複数ある[origin_of_language][indo-european]
[2011-04-12-1] #715. Britannica Online で参照できる言語地図[indo-european][germanic][slavic][me_dialect][oe_dialect][comparative_linguistics][map][link]
[2011-03-15-1] #687. ゲルマン語派の形容詞の強変化と弱変化[adjective][inflection][germanic][indo-european][oe][demonstrative][ilame]
[2011-02-14-1] #658. William Jones 以前の語族観[indo-european][family_tree][comparative_linguistics][history_of_linguistics][hebrew][jones]
[2011-02-13-1] #657. "English is the least typical Indo-European language."[germanic][indo-european][drift]
[2011-02-12-1] #656. "English is the most drifty Indo-European language."[germanic][indo-european][drift][inflection][synthesis_to_analysis]
[2011-02-05-1] #649. アルメニア語[armenian][indo-european][map][indo-european_sub-family]
[2011-01-24-1] #637. クルガン文化と印欧祖語[indo-european][archeology][kurgan][substratum_theory][tocharian][map][reconstruction]
[2011-01-20-1] #633. beech と印欧語の故郷[indo-european][comparative_linguistics][map][history_of_linguistics]
[2011-01-19-1] #632. book と beech[plural][indo-european][i-mutation][etymology]
[2010-09-05-1] #496. ウラル語族[uralic][indo-european][family_tree][i-mutation][language_family]
[2010-08-27-1] #487. 主な印欧諸語の文法性[gender][indo-european]
[2010-07-26-1] #455. インドヨーロッパ語族の系統図(日本語版)[indo-european][family_tree][flash]
[2010-06-11-1] #410. 古英語 snoru で再建の具体例を[reconstruction][indo-european]
[2010-05-30-1] #398. 印欧語族は世界人口の半分近くを占める[indo-european][world_languages][statistics][demography]
[2010-05-03-1] #371. 系統と影響は必ずしも峻別できない[indo-european][comparative_linguistics][reconstruction]
[2010-05-01-1] #369. 言語における系統と影響[indo-european][family_tree][contact]
[2010-04-14-1] #352. ラテン語 /s/ とギリシャ語 /h/ の対応[etymology][indo-european][latin][greek][loan_word][phonetics]
[2010-04-12-1] #350. hypermarket と supermarket[etymology][indo-european][latin][greek][french][loan_translation][lexical_stratification]
[2010-03-22-1] #329. 印欧語の右と左[indo-european][etymology]
[2010-02-03-1] #282. Sir William Jones,三点の鋭い指摘[indo-european][family_tree][comparative_linguistics][popular_passage][sanskrit][history_of_linguistics][jones]
[2009-10-26-1] #182. ゲルマン語派の特徴[germanic][indo-european][family_tree]
[2009-10-15-1] #171. guest と host (2)[semantic_change][indo-european]
[2009-10-14-1] #170. guest と host[grimms_law][indo-european][palatalisation][old_norse][loan_word]
[2009-08-14-1] #109. 比較言語学のロマン --- Tocharian (2)[indo-european][comparative_linguistics][tocharian][map][buddhism]
[2009-08-06-1] #101. 比較言語学のロマン --- Tocharian と Anatolian[indo-european][comparative_linguistics][tocharian][hittite][buddhism]
[2009-08-05-1] #100. hundred と印欧語比較言語学[indo-european][family_tree][comparative_linguistics][reconstruction][grimms_law][verners_law]
[2009-06-17-1] #50. インドヨーロッパ語族の系統図をお遊びで[indo-european][family_tree][flash][mindmap]

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