#3024. 「帝国のサイクル」と英語の未来[future_of_english][linguistic_imperialism][historiography]


 Harari は Sapiens (邦題『サピエンス全史』)のなかで「帝国のサイクル」 ("The Imperial Cycle") を提案している (226--27) .それは以下の6段階からなる.

 1. A small group establishes a big empire.
 2. An imperial culture is forged.
 3. The imperial culture is adopted by the subject peoples
 4. The subject peoples demand equal status in the name of common imperial values
 5. The empire's founders lose their dominance
 6. The imperial culture continues to flourish and develop

 このサイクルが,ローマ,イスラム世界,ヨーロッパの帝国主義において繰り返し現われたという.また,ヨーロッパの帝国主義にみられる同サイクルは,現在,第4段階辺りにたどり着いているらしい.Harari (225) 曰く,

During the twentieth century, local groups that had adopted Western values claimed equality with their European conquerors in the name of these very values. Many anti-colonial struggles were waged under the banners of self-determination, socialism and human rights, all of which are Western legacies. Just as Egyptians, Iranians and Turks adopted and adapted the imperial culture that they inherited from the original Arab conquerors, so today's Indians, Africans and Chinese have accepted much of the imperial culture of their former Western overlords, while seeking to mould it in accordance with their needs and traditions.

 言語帝国主義 (linguistic_imperialism) の英語批評によれば,英語も帝国(主義的な存在)であるということなので,その展開には「帝国のサイクル」が観察されて然るべきだろう.

 ・ Harari, Yuval Noah. Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind. 2011. London: Harvill Secker, 2014.

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