#5289. 名前に意味はあるのか?[name_project][onomastics][voicy][heldio][personal_name][toponymy][semantics][pragmatics]


 名前学あるいは固有名詞学 (onomastics) の論争の1つに,標題の議論がある.はたして名前に意味があるのかどうか.この問題については,私も長らく考え続けてきた.「#5197. 固有名に意味はあるのか,ないのか?」 ([2023-07-20-1]) を参照されたい.(Voicy 「英語の語源が身につくラジオ (heldio)」のプレミアムリスナー限定配信チャンネル「英語史の輪 (helwa)」(有料)では「【英語史の輪 #15】名前に意味があるかないか論争」として議論している.)
 Nyström (40--41) は,固有名詞には広い意味での「意味」があるとして,"the maxium meaningfulness thesis" に賛同している (40) .以下に Nyström の議論より,最も重要な節を引きたい.

Do names have meaning or not, that is do they have both meaning and reference or do they only have reference? This question is closely connected to the dichotomy proper name---common noun (or to use another pair of terms name--appellative) and also to the idea of names being more or less 'namelike', showing a lower or higher degree of propriality or 'nameness'. Can a certain name be a more 'namelike' name than another? I believe it can. To support such an assertion one might argue that a name is not a physical, material object. It is an abstract conception. A name is the result of a complex mental process: sometimes (when we hear or see a name) the result of an individual analysis of a string of sounds or letters, sometimes (when we produce a name) the result of a verbalization of a thought. We shall not ask ourselves what a name is but what a name does. To use a name means to start a process in the brain, a process which in turn activates our memories, fantasy, linguistic abilities, emotions, and many other things. With an approach like that, it would be counterproductive to state that names do not have meaning, that names are meaningless.


 ・ Nyström, Staffan. "Names and Meaning." Chapter 3 of The Oxford Handbook of Names and Naming. Ed. Carole Hough. Oxford: OUP, 2016. 39--51.

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